Over the last 10-15 years there have been 3 different definitions of fuel poverty.
1) Initially, a household was defined as being fuel poor if they spend 10% or more of their income on their energy costs.
2) In 2012 a report by Professor Hills recommended the adoption of a new definition of fuel poverty (see here). As such, from 2013 onwards (at which time statistics for 2011 were being published), households were defined as being fuel poor based on the Low Income High Costs indicator.
3) In 2021, a third definition was announced and fuel poverty is now measured using the Low Income Low Energy Efficiency indicator. Under this, a household is considered in fuel poverty if:
a) they are living in a property with a fuel poverty energy efficiency rating of band D or below
b) when they spend the required amount to heat their home, they are left with a residual income below the official poverty line
The first set of fuel poverty figures under this new definition were published by the government in April 2021 (there is always a 2-year time lag so these figures aree for 2019). These showed that in 2019, there were 40,103 households in North Yorkshire in fuel poverty – 14.6% of all households. Across England as a whole it is 13.8% (2.65million households).